Ultrasound scanners consist of console that houses computer and electronics, video screens and transducers used to scan the body and blood vessels. Transducer is a small hand device that resembles a microphone, attached to a scanner with a cable. Transducer transmits sound waves of high frequency to the body, and then listens to the echo that bounces off the tissue in the body. It functions on a principle that is similar to one used by ships and submarines.
The ultrasound image is immediately displayed on a nearby video screen. This screen is very similar to the screen of a computer or television. The image is produced on the basis of amplitude (volume), frequency and time which is necessary for the sound signal to return from the patient to the transducer and the type of body structure through which the sound travels.
Polyclinic Arcadia has the most modern ultrasound device that enables obtaining 3D and 4D images.