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Hyaluronic Acid occurs naturally in the deeper layers of our skin (the dermis). It helps to keep skin smooth and "plump" through its ability to hold up to 1,000 times its weight in water.   It lubricates the joints and also  plays a critical role in the rapid repair of wounds and other skin conditions.   A form of stabilized hyaluronic acid is contained in some dermal filler products that can be applied through injection with very thin needles and local anesthesia through the use of a anesthetic cream 30 minutes before the procedure. The molecule is obtained through a biochemical process from non-pathologic bacteria and this makes it very safe to use.

Elastin is a protein found in the skin and tissue of the body. It helps to keep skin flexible but tight, providing a bounce-back reaction if skin is pulled. Enough elastin in the skin means that the skin will return to its normal shape after a pull. It also helps keep skin smooth as it stretches to accommodate normal activities like flexing a muscle or opening and closing the mouth to talk or eat.  Elastin tends to deplete as people age, resulting in wrinkled or stretched out skin.  Elastin in skin products has been shown to have little effect on skin elasticity. It may form a coating on the skin that helps the skin better hold in moisture, but it will not provide more flexibility of the skin. Elastin in skin care products does not penetrate the skin layer, which would be needed in order to make the skin more elastic.

Collagen is a protein that is the main structural component of the lower layer of the skin (Dermis). Bundles of collagen molecules pack together throughout the dermis, accounting for three-fourths of the dry weight of skin. Collagen is also responsible for the skin's strength. Collagen is produced by cells called fibroblasts, which are found scattered throughout the dermis. Maintaining a healthy diet with normal levels of Vitamin C can help to maintaining the normal production of collagen in a given age but not replace the its loss with years. In the market is available Poly-L-lactic acid, which is injected in the subcutaneous tissue and is intended to restore the collagen lost.   Also the fillers with Hydroxylapatite can induce the formation of new collagen.  Other collagen fillers are obtained from processed animal or human tissue, reason why we do not recommend them.


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