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Lipodystrophy is  a medical condition characterized by abnormal or degenerative conditions of the body's adipose tissue. ("Lipo" is Greek for "fat" and "dystrophy" is Greek for "abnormal or degenerative condition") A more specific term, lipoatrophy is used when describing the loss of fat from one area (usually the face).
Lipodystrophy may be divided into the following types:

 

  • Congenital lipodystrophies
    Congenital generalized lipodystrophy (Beradinelli-Seip syndrome)
    Familial partial lipodystrophy
  • Acquired lipodystrophy
    Acquired partial lipodystrophy (Barraquer-Simons syndrome)
    Acquired generalized lipodystrophy
    Centrifugal abdominal lipodystrophy (Lipodystrophia centrifugalis abdominalis infantilis)
    Lipoatrophia annularis (Ferreira-Marques lipoatrophia)
    Localized Lipodystrophy

The treatment of lipodystrophies vary, for example, if corresponds to a local increase accumulation of fat tissue in the body surface, then liposuction is a very good alternative, if is a local reduction of fat tissue then the treatment will include liposuction from other area and the use of this fat tissue for a fat injection in the affected area. In this latter case, the amount to be injected is more than needed because occurs some degree of reabsorption in the following months.

Extensive areas with fat tissue loss are more difficult to treat and each case is carefully evaluated by the plastic surgeon.

Depressed scars can be treated through resection or if esthetically acceptable, through local injection of fat tissue.

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