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The presence of radio-opaque breast implants may interfere with the sensitivity of screening mammography. Specialized radiographic techniques where the implant is manually displaced (Eklund views) may improve significantly.  A number of studies looking at breast cancers in women with implants have found no significant difference in stage of disease at time of diagnosis, and prognosis appears to be similar in groups with augmented patients, without a higher risk for subsequent cancer recurrence. Conversely, the use of implants for reconstruction after mastectomy for breast cancer also appears not to have a negative effect on cancer-related mortality.

An observation that patients with implants are more often diagnosed with palpable tumors (but not larger ones) suggest that tumors of equal size may be more easily palpated in augmented patients, and this may compensate somewhat for the potential impairment of mammography. This is due to thinning of the breast by compression making it easier to palpate new lesions.

The presence of a breast implant does not influence the ability for breast conservation (lumpectomy) surgery for women who develop breast cancer years after and does not interfere with delivery of radiotherapy treatments that may be required.  Fibrosis of breast tissue after radiotherapy is more common and an increase in capsular contracture rates can be expected.

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