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Anatomically, breasts are modified glands with the purpose of milk production for breastfeeding. Both man and women develop breast tissue from the same structures but in women they get far more developed under the influence of female sex hormones during puberty, especially estrogens.

Each breast is covered by skin and has one nipple surrounded by the areola. Under the skin a group of milk glands surrounded by fat tissue drain the milk produced during lactation period towards the nipple through lactiferous ducts. Other components of the breast glands are the connective tissue and Cooper ligaments that help to maintain their structural integrity and shape, connecting the skin to the underlying tissues. Under the breast it is located the fascia clavipectoral (a fibrous membrane that covers the pectoralis muscle).

The size and color of nipple, areola and breast size have a great variation between women and it’s influenced by genetics, age and pregnancies.
The breast gland can be subject to different pathologies, including benign lesions such as fibroadenomas, benign cysts, inflammatory processes and malignant tumors, being is important to learn breast self-examination and periodic controls with breast ultrasound or mammography depending on age and family history of breast disease.

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