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b_250_250_16777215_00_images_stories_general_melanoma-v.jpgHuman skin and its subcutaneous tissue are susceptible to develop tumors, from very small to very large ones with different characteristics and behavior during lifetime. They can be benign or malignant. The treatment of skin tumors depends on their characteristics. Some are excised for cosmetic reasons, especially if they are on the face, while others are excised because they represent a risk of turning malignant (skin cancer) or there is already a suspicion of being malignant. In case of malignant tumors surgery may be combined with other types of therapy, medications or x-ray radiation during the treatment.

Skin biopsies can be performed in our offices as an outpatient procedure in our offices in Zagreb, Varazdin and Daruvar (Tel: 043-675200)

Nevi (moles) are a large and complex group of round pigmented lesions of the skin with variable degrees of color intensity. They appear at birth or during lifetime. This skin growth does not change during lifetime or grows proportionally with the area of the body where it is located. They vary in size and be more or less raised, sometimes they attach to the surface of the skin by a thin stem. Their surface can be smooth or granular; they can be yellowish or dark brown or even black. Excess hair may grow on moles, as well as sebaceous cyst or scaly changes of the skin. They are most frequently localized on the face, neck and chest. They can be benign, but mechanical stimuli and micro-trauma are particularly dangerous because they can lead to a malignant change.

Malignant skin cancer comprises many types of tumors because the skin tissue is formed by many types of cells. One of the most serious are melanomas, they usually have a dark brown or black coloration. Their color originates from the cumulated pigment of melanin. It primarily appears on the skin, i.e. more frequently on the face, legs (particularly on the feet) or on the genitalia, but it can also appear on any other part of the skin. In 50 to 70% of cases it develops from pigmented moles. It can also appear on the mucous membrane (e.g. In the mouth, on the eye, or on other organs), but also in parts of the skin that is difficult to check by yourself, like in the back or posterior part of the buttocks, arms and legs.

A malignant change in a mole must be suspected if after long time having the same characteristics the following changes are suddenly observed:

- changes in pigmentation (the mole becomes darker, has ragged edges or even becomes paler),
- other signs include itching, elevation of the mole above the skin, bleeding or lesion.

 

The easiest way for patients is to use the ABCD rule:

 

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Other common types of skin tumors associated with age and sun exposure are: 

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Clinic:  Strma Ulica 16, HR - 43500 Daruvar, Hrvatska
Tel: 043 675 200     Fax: 043 675 214
Skype: poliklinika.arcadia
E-mail: poliklinika@poliklinika-arcadia.hr
Offices: Daruvar - Zagreb - Varaždin
  

 

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